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Beyond the Lamborghini: Paycheck Protection Program Fraud

Paycheck Protection Program Fraud

On March 20, 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the Paycheck Protection Program ("PPP") was created as a part of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security ("CARES") Act to provide pertinent financial relief for small businesses affected by the crisis. The program is directly administered by the Small Business Association ("SBA") and consists of a government-guaranteed loan specifically designed to incentivize small businesses to keep their employees on payroll. Businesses must meet eligibility requirements to qualify for a loan, and the SBA forgives loans only if the business meets all employee retention criteria and uses the funds for eligible expenses. More

A Brief History of the False Claims Act

A Brief History of the False Claims Act

The False Claims Act originated out of the Civil War as a result of the Union Army’s transactions with unscrupulous companies that provided supplies for battle. These companies, recognizing that their products were in high demand during wartime, and seeing little possibility for accountability, intentionally sold substandard goods at high prices, and often sent less than what was ordered and paid for. Reports of moth-eaten blankets, shoddily constructed shoes, old and diseased horses, and guns missing from their crates began to pop up all over the battlefields of the United States, and the federal government quickly intervened. More

An Overview of HUBZone Fraud and the False Claims Act

What is a HUBZone? 

"HUBZones," or "historically underutilized business zones," are the result of a program administered by the Small Business Administration ("SBA") that seeks to provide employment opportunities and economic development in areas that need it most. In order to qualify as a HUBZone business, companies must meet the following criteria: More

Whistleblower Confidentiality: What You Need To Know

Whistleblower Confidentiality

Given the potential for retaliation from their employers and others, whistleblowers often understandably express concerns about protecting their identity when reporting potential wrongdoing. While whistleblowers file False Claims Act complaints under seal, which protects the whistleblowers' confidentiality for at least 60 days, it is very likely that, sooner or later, whistleblowers' identities will be made public. If the Government intervenes in a False Claims Act case, the seal will be lifted and the whistleblower's allegations will become publicly available. Similarly, if the Government declines to intervene in a False Claims Act case, and the whistleblower decides to continue to prosecute the case without Government involvement, the seal will be lifted, again making the whistleblowers' allegations public. More

Upcoding & Unbundling In Healthcare Fraud

What Is Upcoding?

"Upcoding" occurs when a healthcare provider knowingly submits a claim with an incorrect billing code in order to increase reimbursement. A healthcare provider can do this by submitting Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes for lengthier, more expensive, or more serious procedures, equipment, or diagnoses than actually provided. For example, if a physician exaggerates the severity of their patient's condition in order to increase billings, that would be considered upcoding. Likewise, if a patient receives a brief consultation from a nurse, but the provider submits a claim for a higher cost consultation with a doctor, that would also be considered upcoding. More

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Higher Education Incentive Compensation Fraud

The U.S. government invests in colleges, students and universities by contributing to university endowments, offering scholarships, providing grants, and guaranteeing student loans. Since taxpayer dollars are used to support colleges and universities, the government imposes strict rules to prevent fraud in higher education. For example, the Higher Education Act (HEA) prohibits universities from paying incentive compensation to recruiters or employees based on the number of students they are able to recruit. More

The Anti-Kickback Statute and the False Claims Act: Working together to promote the responsible use of government funds

What is the Anti-Kickback Statute?

The Anti-Kickback Statute ("AKS")1 is a federal criminal law that prohibits the knowing exchange of valued items, services, or payments for referrals of goods or services reimbursable by federally funded healthcare programs. Any claim submitted in violation of the AKS is false, and therefore not reimbursable by federally funded healthcare programs. Accordingly, the AKS seeks to ensure patient health considerations drive medical decision-making, rather than monetary or other valuable incentives offered to providers. Combined with the False Claims Act ("FCA"),2 which allows individuals to sue parties who defraud the government, the two statutes provide a potent tool to combat health care fraud. More

Qui Tam Lawsuits

What Is A Qui Tam Lawsuit?

The term qui tam originates from a Latin phrase that means "[he] who sues in this matter for the king as well as for himself." As such, a qui tam lawsuit is a type of civil lawsuit whereby a private individual, or a relator, with knowledge of fraudulent activity, assists in filing a case on behalf of the government. Qui tam lawsuits are filed under the False Claim Act and, in the event of a successful case, a relator receives as a reward a part of the funds recovered by the government. More

Famous Whistleblowers and Their Impact on America

Whistleblowers have played a vital role in American history, bringing to light abuses and scandals in fields as diverse as pharmaceuticals and the military. Law enforcement agencies and government departments depend on whistleblowers to alert them to corporate and government corruption. That doesn’t always mean these entities have welcomed whistleblowers, however, especially when those people are highlighting problems within their organizations.

Fortunately, federal and state legislatures have enacted protections for whistleblowers, understanding the fundamental role they play in a democracy, and whistleblowers continue to come forward with valuable information about government and corporate misdeeds. Let's examine some of the most famous whistleblower cases and the role these courageous men and women have played in our nation's history. More

New Formal Guidelines on "Cooperation Credit" for False Claims Act Defendants

The Department of Justice released formal guidelines on May 7, 2019 allowing False Claims Act defendants to receive "credit" by taking steps to cooperate with an ongoing government investigation. The goal of this guidance is to incentivize companies to provide meaningful assistance throughout a DOJ investigation, including voluntarily disclosing misconduct that may not be within the scope of any pending investigation. Although the impact of the formal guidance on False Claims Act cases is still unclear, there is some possibility that cases will resolve more quickly due to increased cooperation by defendants. More

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